Whether you are a beginner and have just entered in the development field, or even if you are an expert developer, you will get the question in your mind about "Which programming language is best to learn right now?", "Which programming language will give me high salary job?", "Which programming language is in demand right now? "

These are the common questions, here I am going to give you list of all the top languages which you should learn in 2018 and get jobs/freelance projects easily


7. PHP

PHP is a general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited to server-side web development, in which case PHP generally runs on a web server, it widely used right now thanks to WordPress. 80% of the top 10 million websites use PHP in some sort of way, including Facebook and Wikipedia. There are no hard rules on how to build features, and it boasts flexibility in solving problems. It’s further used widely in a freelance capacity or for popular content management systems. It’s a great choice for web development as it’s mainly a server-side scripting language, forming the base of both WordPress and Facebook.

There is no reason not to learn it. But PHP is also the number one language when it comes to criticism.

To get the job, you cannot just learn it, you will need to learn HTML, CSS, basic javascript first, and then MySQL with PHP.

Amazon.in E-books to learn PHP

 PHP Book for beginners by Luke Welling and Laura Thomson

PHP Book for beginners by Scott Sanderson

6. SQL

SQL is a database query language (SQL stands for Structured Query Language) & one of the favorites amongst the data science dwellers, SQL has been at a heart of storing and retrieving data for decades and continues to do so. It is used in dealing especially large databases, reducing the turnaround time for online requests by its fast processing time. Learning SQL can be a good addition to skills required for data science and ML experts, as this is looked after by most recruiters as a preferred skill set.

Amazon.in E-books to learn SQL

 SQL Book for beginners

5. C#

Pronounced as "C-Sharp", C# is a general-purpose, type-safe, object-oriented programming language developed at Microsoft in 2001. The goal of the language is programmer productivity. To this end, the language balances simplicity, expressiveness, and performance. The language was developed for Microsoft’s.NET software framework and can now be used on non-Windows machines since the release of the.NET Core open-source development platform in June 2016. It’s a high-level, object-oriented programming language that offers modern paradigms for rapid development

Learning C# can you create web-applications using ASP.NET web-forms or ASP.NET MVC or using ASP.NET Core, other than that you can create Cross platform mobile apps (which will run on iOS, Android & on Windows phone) using C# and Xamarin Forms.

You can also learn C# from our complete C# tutorial.

What I can build with C#?

  • Cross platform mobile application using Xamarin.Forms and C# ( Single code works for both Android/iOS/Windows)
  • Fastest web-applications using ASP.NET Core MVC
  • Excellent games using C# and Unity Game Engine
  • Windows applications using WPF
  • Web-API3

Amazon.in E-books for C#

Programming in C# by E Balagurusamy

Professional ASP.NET MVC 5 (WROX) by Jon Galloway

Mastering Xamarin.Forms by Ed Snider



Udemy Course

Complete C# Masterclass: 4.5 (9,546 ratings)- 39,621 students enrolled

4. C++

C++ is a middle-level programming language developed by Bjarne Stroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs. C++ runs on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX.

C++ grew by about 20,000 job postings over 2016 and passed pori to take fifth place. it is Built on C, the grandfather of all programming languages, C++ is a powerful, high-performance language used to build system software, games engines and desktop and web apps.

Many beginners find C++ harder to learn than dynamically typed languages like Python or JavaScript.

What I can build with C++?

  • Excellent games with C++/Unreal game engine
  • C++ can also be used for web-development.
  • Windows applications

Amazon.in E-books for C++

C++: The Complete Reference by Herbert Schildt

Object-Oriented Programming with C++ by E Balagurusamy

Udemy Course

The Complete C++ Developer Course: 4.6 (163 ratings) -1,547 students enrolled

3. Python

Phyton is siimilar to PHP and Ruby in the sense that it is an object-orientated language. It is an interpreted language, Python has a design philosophy which emphasizes code readability (notably using whitespace indentation to delimit code blocks rather than curly braces or keywords), and a syntax which allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code than possible in languages such as C++ or Java.

With a rise in technologies like machine learning, artificial intelligence and predictive analytics, the need for professionals with a thorough knowledge of Python skills are much in demand. Apart from its general purpose use for web development, it is widely used in scientific computing, data mining and others.

Sites like Instagram, YouTube, Reddit use aspects of Python.

Python 3.9 is their newest release - take a look at the features here.

What I can build with Python?

  • Web-application using Django/Flask.
  • Used Extensively for Data Science and Machine Learning.

Amazon.in E-books for Python

Python by Mike McGrath

Python Machine Learning by Example by Yuxi (Hayden) Liu

Udemy Course

Check complete article on Python Udemy Course

2. Java

Java is always a good long term bet and looking at the stats, it doesn’t seem to be going away any time soon. It’s popularity cannot be overstated, as the majority (90%) of Fortune 500 companies use Java to develop backend systems and desktop apps. It’s highly portable as it boasts the cross platform compatible Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

Java is used to create Android Apps, software, games and website content.It is believed to be a good choice for someone starting out as a programmer, as it is relatively simple and readable programming language. Having witnessed biggest rise in demands in last few years, Java skills have been in demand particularly for software engineers, software architects and DevOps engineers.

What I can build with Java?

  • Android applications using Java
  • Web-applications using J2EE (Advanced Java), Spring MVC etc.
  • Windows applications

Amazon.in E-books for Java

Java: The Complete Reference by Herbert Schildt

Java 2: The Complete Reference, Fifth Edition by Herbert Schildt

Udemy Course

Java Programming for Complete Beginners - 4.4 (11,743 ratings) - 85,163 students Enrolled

1. Javascript

Well, You should consider this language as top language for any developer right now, before we continue, we are not talking about plan vanilla javascsript here, I am refernning ES6 , Angular, and other javascript frameworks, but yes you must have knowledge of old plain javascript also.

JavaScript maintains the popularity that it has received last year. This is because; it is used by 95% of all websites and 80% of developers for any active logic on their pages. Many front-end developers for JavaScript like AngularJS and React have big future potential as mobile and IoT devices become very famous. So, there are very fewer chances that JavaScript’s popularity will decrease in the coming time period.

ES2017 has launched to developers who have wept out of joy. Once you’ve grasped JavaScript, you should also learn jQuery

Also, Node.js is a JavaScript runtime built on Chrome's V8 JavaScript engine. Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient. Node.js' package ecosystem, npm, is the largest ecosystem of open source libraries in the world.

What I can build with JavaScript?

  • Cross platform mobile applications using React-Native
  • Web-applications using Node.JS/MangoDB
  • Windows application using Electron.JS

Amazon.in E-books for Javascript

Head First JavaScript Programming by Freeman E.T

Web Design with HTML, CSS, JavaScript and jQuery Set by Jon Duckett

Amazon.in E-books for Node.js

Mastering Node.js: Build robust and scalable real-time server-side web applications efficiently

Node.js Web Development

Amazon.In E-books for Angular

Learning AngularJS for .NET Developers

AngularJS by Example by Chandermani

ng-book: The Complete Guide to Angular4 by Felipe Coury (Author),‎ Ari Lerner (Author)

Udemy Course

1. The Complete Full-Stack JavaScript Course! - 4.4- (2,577 ratings)- 196,714 students enrolled

Learn full-stack web development using JavaScript (ReactJS, NodeJS, LoopbackJS, Redux and Material-UI)!

You may also like to read:

Best Web development courses available on Udemy to learn

Best Asp.Net Web Development Courses available online

Best C# programming course available online (Free OR paid)

That's it, we are done, other than above mentioned programming languages for Web-developement you should learn, HTML, CSS also.


Image Source:Github

Few more programming languages, which is good to learn, which I am excluding from main list but can be learned.

Swift: More popular than Objective-C, this is the language for developing native iOS or Mac OS apps, and is the programming language with the most potential for reshaping the future. Native apps have been found to outperform cross-platform hybrid apps, and SpriteKit makes it even easier to build 2D games. Indeed, it builds itself on the successes of C and Objective-C without the constraintsof compatibility.

It was heavily influenced by Ruby and Python, and is considered user friendly and fun to use. Operating as a high level language, generally being easy to maintain, Swift is a general purpose, multi paradigm language developed by Apple for iOS. So if working with Apple products is your niche, this is the language for you. Being a statically typed language means that Xcode checks your errors for you, so your errors are easier to track down, and further, as the definition of things are more definite, it operates faster.

Ruby: A general purpose, object oriented programming language born in the 1993 by Yukihiro Matz Matsumoto. It’s 5 times more in demand than Python, and one of the fastest growing programming languages, seen only to Java for the most projects completed. In fact, Ruby is so easy to use you can create an app in it in under 10 minutes. Groupon, Airbnb, Pxlr, and Bloomberg are all coded in Ruby, as well as many more.

Ruby operates as a dynamic, object orientated, because it reads like English, it makes the code easy to read. It’s needed to maintain code databases for many high end websites, so Ruby’s demand is increasing, so much so that it’s become common within DevOps roles, i.e. the engineers ensuring the reliability and efficiency of the servers running websites with high traffic. Depending on your company’s needs, this could be the one for you.