If you have just started learning ASP.NET MVC or you are going start using it, then you would have to create Login & registration form in your ASP.NET MVC application connecting it to SQL server database, so this article, provides you complete steps to learn, how you can create Login / Logout and registration page easily and quickly in your ASP.NET MVC application with proper Validations.

Before we begin if you are absolute beginner you can take a look on basic tutorial for your first MVC application.

Now, let's begin with creating Login and registration form in MVC with sample database.

Step 1: Create a new Project in your Visual Studio(Using 2017 community edition here) by Navigating to File-> New -> Project-> Select "Web" from Left pane & Select "ASP.NET Web Application" from right-pane & click "OK"

 create-new-mvc-5-project-for-login-registration-in-mvc-min.png

As soon as you click "OK", a new window will appear, select "Empty" template from it & mark check-box "MVC"

MVC-template-empty-new-min.png

Step 2: Now, leave your Project as it is, let's start by creating simple database & a table to save values in it.

You can create the table & database in your Local SQL Server management studio using the script below

USE [master]
GO
/****** Object:  Database [LoginRegistrationInMVC]    Script Date: 7/16/2018 7:45:32 PM ******/
CREATE DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC]
 CONTAINMENT = NONE
 ON  PRIMARY 
( NAME = N'LoginRegistrationInMVC', FILENAME = N'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL11.SQLEXPRESS2\MSSQL\DATA\LoginRegistrationInMVC.mdf' , SIZE = 3072KB , MAXSIZE = UNLIMITED, FILEGROWTH = 1024KB )
 LOG ON 
( NAME = N'LoginRegistrationInMVC_log', FILENAME = N'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL11.SQLEXPRESS2\MSSQL\DATA\LoginRegistrationInMVC_log.ldf' , SIZE = 1024KB , MAXSIZE = 2048GB , FILEGROWTH = 10%)
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET COMPATIBILITY_LEVEL = 110
GO
IF (1 = FULLTEXTSERVICEPROPERTY('IsFullTextInstalled'))
begin
EXEC [LoginRegistrationInMVC].[dbo].[sp_fulltext_database] @action = 'enable'
end
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET ANSI_NULL_DEFAULT OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET ANSI_NULLS OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET ANSI_PADDING OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET ANSI_WARNINGS OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET ARITHABORT OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET AUTO_CLOSE OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET AUTO_CREATE_STATISTICS ON 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET AUTO_SHRINK OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS ON 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET CURSOR_CLOSE_ON_COMMIT OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET CURSOR_DEFAULT  GLOBAL 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET CONCAT_NULL_YIELDS_NULL OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET NUMERIC_ROUNDABORT OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET  DISABLE_BROKER 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS_ASYNC OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET DATE_CORRELATION_OPTIMIZATION OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET TRUSTWORTHY OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET ALLOW_SNAPSHOT_ISOLATION OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET PARAMETERIZATION SIMPLE 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET HONOR_BROKER_PRIORITY OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET RECOVERY SIMPLE 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET  MULTI_USER 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET PAGE_VERIFY CHECKSUM  
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET DB_CHAINING OFF 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET FILESTREAM( NON_TRANSACTED_ACCESS = OFF ) 
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET TARGET_RECOVERY_TIME = 0 SECONDS 
GO
USE [LoginRegistrationInMVC]
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[RegisterUser]    Script Date: 7/16/2018 7:45:32 PM ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[RegisterUser](
	[Id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
	[FirstName] [varchar](100) NOT NULL,
	[LastName] [varchar](100) NOT NULL,
	[Email] [varchar](100) NOT NULL,
	[Password] [varchar](500) NOT NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_RegisterUser] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
	[Id] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]

GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
SET IDENTITY_INSERT [dbo].[RegisterUser] ON 

INSERT [dbo].[RegisterUser] ([Id], [FirstName], [LastName], [Email], [Password]) VALUES (1, N'Test', N'Lastname', N'test@test.com', N'Test123')
SET IDENTITY_INSERT [dbo].[RegisterUser] OFF
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [LoginRegistrationInMVC] SET  READ_WRITE 
GO

Now, we have the table and it's design, in which we have to save User Email,Password, First and last name.

Step 3: In this step, we will connect to our database using ADO.NET and Entity framework, go to your project solution, right click on "Models" folder & select "Add", then select "ADO.NET Entity data Model" as shown in the below image.

select-ado-net-entity-data-model-min.png

Provide a name & click OK

Now, in the next screen Select "EF Designer database" option.

Now the wizard will ask you to connect and configure the Connection String to the database, click on "New Connection" button on top right side, select
  1. SQL Server Instance
  2. Database
And then click Test Connection to make sure all settings are correct, as shown in the below image.

Click "Ok", then select "Yes, include sensitive data in the connection string", Click"Next", now slect specific table or all tables

Click "Finish" and your .edmx file is created , and your project is now connected with database.

Step 4: Now we need to work on our C# logic and code which will take data from user and save it in database, for that, we need to create a Controller in our Solution's "Controllers" folder.

So, right-click on Controllers Folder, select "Add"-> Select "Controller", name (AccountController) it and click "OK"

In the Account Controller, we will create Login & Registration ActionMethod to retrun View for it, another one ActionMethod to save Register form posted values and fourth ActionMethod to verify, the login details of user is correct as in database or not.

Here is the Register ActionMethod to return Registration view and Save values in Database.

//Return Register view
        public ActionResult Register()
        {
            return View();
        }

        //The form's data in Register view is posted to this method. 
        //We have binded the Register View with Register ViewModel, so we can accept object of Register class as parameter.
        //This object contains all the values entered in the form by the user.
        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult SaveRegisterDetails(Register registerDetails)
        {
            //We check if the model state is valid or not. We have used DataAnnotation attributes.
            //If any form value fails the DataAnnotation validation the model state becomes invalid.
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                //create database context using Entity framework 
                using (var databaseContext = new LoginRegistrationInMVCEntities())
                {
                    //If the model state is valid i.e. the form values passed the validation then we are storing the User's details in DB.
                    RegisterUser reglog = new RegisterUser();

                    //Save all details in RegitserUser object

                    reglog.FirstName = registerDetails.FirstName;
                    reglog.LastName = registerDetails.LastName;
                    reglog.Email = registerDetails.Email;
                    reglog.Password = registerDetails.Password;


                    //Calling the SaveDetails method which saves the details.
                    databaseContext.RegisterUsers.Add(reglog);
                    databaseContext.SaveChanges();
                }

                ViewBag.Message = "User Details Saved";
                return View("Register");
            }
            else
            {
               
                //If the validation fails, we are returning the model object with errors to the view, which will display the error messages.
                return View("Register", registerDetails);
            }
        }

Note: We are saving Password values without encryption to make this example simple, read this article to implemnt Ecrypt & decrypt string using C#.

Here is the Login ActionMethod and When tried to login we verify in POST ActionMethod

  public ActionResult Login()
        {
            return View();
        }

        //The login form is posted to this method.
        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult Login(LoginViewModel model)
        {
            //Checking the state of model passed as parameter.
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                
                //Validating the user, whether the user is valid or not.
                var isValidUser = IsValidUser(model);

                //If user is valid & present in database, we are redirecting it to Welcome page.
                if (isValidUser != null)
                {
                    FormsAuthentication.SetAuthCookie(model.Email, false);
                    return RedirectToAction("Index");
                }
                else
                {
                    //If the username and password combination is not present in DB then error message is shown.
                    ModelState.AddModelError("Failure", "Wrong Username and password combination !");
                    return View();
                }
            }
            else
            {
                //If model state is not valid, the model with error message is returned to the View.
                return View(model);
            }
        }

        //function to check if User is valid or not
        public RegisterUser IsValidUser(LoginViewModel model)
        {
            using (var dataContext = new LoginRegistrationInMVCEntities())
            {
                //Retireving the user details from DB based on username and password enetered by user.
                RegisterUser user = dataContext.RegisterUsers.Where(query => query.Email.Equals(model.Email) && query.Password.Equals(model.Password)).SingleOrDefault();
                //If user is present, then true is returned.
                if (user == null)
                    return null;
                //If user is not present false is returned.
                else
                    return user;
            }
        }

as you can see in the above code we checking If user is valid or not using another function "IsValidUser", as soon as user is verified, we are redirecting user to Welcome ActionMethod with Model to show Welcome.cshtml page.

So here is our Complete AccountController.cs code.

using LoginRegistrationInMVCWithDatabase.Models;
using LoginRegistrationInMVCWithDatabase.ViewModel;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Web.Security;

namespace LoginRegistrationInMVCWithDatabase.Controllers
{
    public class AccountController : Controller
    {
      
        // Return Home page.
        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            return View();
        }

        //Return Register view
        public ActionResult Register()
        {
            return View();
        }

        //The form's data in Register view is posted to this method. 
        //We have binded the Register View with Register ViewModel, so we can accept object of Register class as parameter.
        //This object contains all the values entered in the form by the user.
        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult SaveRegisterDetails(Register registerDetails)
        {
            //We check if the model state is valid or not. We have used DataAnnotation attributes.
            //If any form value fails the DataAnnotation validation the model state becomes invalid.
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                //create database context using Entity framework 
                using (var databaseContext = new LoginRegistrationInMVCEntities())
                {
                    //If the model state is valid i.e. the form values passed the validation then we are storing the User's details in DB.
                    RegisterUser reglog = new RegisterUser();

                    //Save all details in RegitserUser object

                    reglog.FirstName = registerDetails.FirstName;
                    reglog.LastName = registerDetails.LastName;
                    reglog.Email = registerDetails.Email;
                    reglog.Password = registerDetails.Password;


                    //Calling the SaveDetails method which saves the details.
                    databaseContext.RegisterUsers.Add(reglog);
                    databaseContext.SaveChanges();
                }

                ViewBag.Message = "User Details Saved";
                return View("Register");
            }
            else
            {
               
                //If the validation fails, we are returning the model object with errors to the view, which will display the error messages.
                return View("Register", registerDetails);
            }
        }


        public ActionResult Login()
        {
            return View();
        }

        //The login form is posted to this method.
        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult Login(LoginViewModel model)
        {
            //Checking the state of model passed as parameter.
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                
                //Validating the user, whether the user is valid or not.
                var isValidUser = IsValidUser(model);

                //If user is valid & present in database, we are redirecting it to Welcome page.
                if (isValidUser != null)
                {
                    FormsAuthentication.SetAuthCookie(model.Email, false);
                    return RedirectToAction("Index");
                }
                else
                {
                    //If the username and password combination is not present in DB then error message is shown.
                    ModelState.AddModelError("Failure", "Wrong Username and password combination !");
                    return View();
                }
            }
            else
            {
                //If model state is not valid, the model with error message is returned to the View.
                return View(model);
            }
        }

        //function to check if User is valid or not
        public RegisterUser IsValidUser(LoginViewModel model)
        {
            using (var dataContext = new LoginRegistrationInMVCEntities())
            {
                //Retireving the user details from DB based on username and password enetered by user.
                RegisterUser user = dataContext.RegisterUsers.Where(query => query.Email.Equals(model.Email) && query.Password.Equals(model.Password)).SingleOrDefault();
                //If user is present, then true is returned.
                if (user == null)
                    return null;
                //If user is not present false is returned.
                else
                    return user;
            }
        }


        public ActionResult Logout()
        {
            FormsAuthentication.SignOut();
            Session.Abandon(); // it will clear the session at the end of request
            return RedirectToAction("Index");
        }
    }
}

Now, one of the Important step which is here to enable form authentication using Web.Config file, so go to your web.config file and inside <system.web> place the below configuration to enable form-authentication

 <authentication mode="Forms">
    <forms loginUrl="~/Account/Login" timeout="2880" />
  </authentication>

Step 5:  In the Next steps, we will be creating ViewModels for Login and Registration

Create a new folder in your project, by right-clicking on the Project name & name it "ViewModel", here we will create two ViewModel one for login and another for Registration,in these view models we will implement Validation using Data Annotation.

Now, right-click on "ViewModel" folder, select "Add" and then select "Class" from right-pane, name it "Register.cs"

using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;

namespace LoginRegistrationInMVCWithDatabase.ViewModel
{
    public class Register
    {
        [Required]
        [Display(Name ="First Name")]
        public string FirstName { get; set; }

        [Required]
        [Display(Name = "Last Name")]
        public string LastName { get; set; }

        //Required attribute implements validation on Model item that this fields is mandatory for user
        [Required]
        //We are also implementing Regular expression to check if email is valid like a1@test.com
        [RegularExpression("^[a-zA-Z0-9_\\.-]+@([a-zA-Z0-9-]+\\.)+[a-zA-Z]{2,6}$", ErrorMessage = "E-mail id is not valid")]
        public string Email { get; set; }

        [Required]
        [DataType(DataType.Password)]
        public string Password { get; set; }
    }
}

Similarly, create "LoginViewModel.cs"

using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;


namespace LoginRegistrationInMVCWithDatabase.ViewModel
{
    public class LoginViewModel
    {
        [Required]
        [RegularExpression("^[a-zA-Z0-9_\\.-]+@([a-zA-Z0-9-]+\\.)+[a-zA-Z]{2,6}$", ErrorMessage = "E-mail id is not valid")]
        public string Email { get; set; }

        [Required]
        [DataType(DataType.Password)]
        public string Password { get; set; }
    }
}

Step 6: Go to your AccountController.cs and right-click "Index" ActionMethod & Select "Add View", while generating view select "Use Layout page", if you are using Visual Studio 2015/17, it will automatically generate Layout.cshtml and some other related CSS,JS files.

Here is the Index.cshtml

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Index";
}

<h2>Index</h2>

@if (Request.IsAuthenticated)
{

    <span>Welcome @Html.Encode(User.Identity.Name) </span>
}
else
{

    @Html.ActionLink("Login", "Login", "Account")<br />

    @Html.ActionLink("Register", "Register", "Account")
}

In the above code, we are showing  Login/Register links if user is not authenticated or logged in else show Welcome message with Username.

Similarly, add View for Login.cshtml as below

@model LoginRegistrationInMVCWithDatabase.ViewModel.LoginViewModel
@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Login";

}

<h2>Login</h2>


<div>
    @using (Html.BeginForm("Login", "Account"))
    {
        <div style="color:red;">@Html.ValidationSummary()</div>
        <div class="row">
            <!--Show details are saved successfully message-->
            <div class="col-lg-12">@ViewBag.Message</div>
        </div><br />
       
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-lg-2">@Html.LabelFor(a => a.Email)</div>
            <div class="col-lg-10">@Html.TextBoxFor(a => a.Email, new { @class = "form-control" })</div>
        </div><br />
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-lg-2">@Html.LabelFor(a => a.Password)</div>
            <div class="col-lg-10">@Html.TextBoxFor(a => a.Password, new { @class = "form-control", type="Password" })</div>
        </div><br />
        <input type="submit" value="Login" class="btn btn-primary" />
    }

</div>

And last Register.cshtml using Register ActionMethod

@model LoginRegistrationInMVCWithDatabase.ViewModel.Register
@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Register";
}

<h2>Register</h2>


<div>
    @using (Html.BeginForm("SaveRegisterDetails", "Account"))
    {
        <div style="color:red;">@Html.ValidationSummary()</div>
        <div class="row">
            <!--Show details are saved successfully message-->
            <div class="col-lg-12">@ViewBag.Message</div>
        </div><br/>
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-lg-2">@Html.LabelFor(a => a.FirstName)</div>
            <div class="col-lg-10">@Html.TextBoxFor(a => a.FirstName, new { @class = "form-control" })</div>
        </div><br />
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-lg-2">@Html.LabelFor(a => a.LastName)</div>
            <div class="col-lg-10">@Html.TextBoxFor(a => a.LastName, new { @class = "form-control" })</div>
        </div><br />
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-lg-2">@Html.LabelFor(a => a.Email)</div>
            <div class="col-lg-10">@Html.TextBoxFor(a => a.Email, new { @class = "form-control" })</div>
        </div><br />
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-lg-2">@Html.LabelFor(a => a.Password)</div>
            <div class="col-lg-10">@Html.TextBoxFor(a => a.Password, new { @class = "form-control", type = "Password" })</div>
        </div><br />
        <input type="submit" value="Register" class="btn btn-primary" />
    }

</div>

In _layout.cshtml, Add the code to display navigation bar

<div class="navbar navbar-inverse navbar-fixed-top">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="navbar-header">
                <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle" data-toggle="collapse" data-target=".navbar-collapse">
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                </button>
                @Html.ActionLink("Application name", "Index", "Home", new { area = "" }, new { @class = "navbar-brand" })
            </div>
            <div class="navbar-collapse collapse">
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
                    <li>
                        
                        @if (Request.IsAuthenticated)
                        {

                           @Html.ActionLink("Log Out", "Logout", "Account")
                        }
                        else
                        {

                            @Html.ActionLink("Login", "Login", "Account")  
                        }  
                    </li>
                   <li>  
                      @if (!Request.IsAuthenticated)
                      { 
                          @Html.ActionLink("Register", "Register", "Account")
                      }
                   
                   </li>
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

In the above code, we are showing  Login/Register links if user is not authenticated or logged in else show Logout button.

Here is the full _Layout.cshtml code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>@ViewBag.Title - My ASP.NET Application</title>
    <link href="~/Content/Site.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <link href="~/Content/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <script src="~/Scripts/modernizr-2.6.2.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="navbar navbar-inverse navbar-fixed-top">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="navbar-header">
                <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle" data-toggle="collapse" data-target=".navbar-collapse">
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>
                </button>
                @Html.ActionLink("Application name", "Index", "Home", new { area = "" }, new { @class = "navbar-brand" })
            </div>
            <div class="navbar-collapse collapse">
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
                    <li>
                        
                        @if (Request.IsAuthenticated)
                        {

                           @Html.ActionLink("Log Out", "Logout", "Account")
                        }
                        else
                        {

                            @Html.ActionLink("Login", "Login", "Account")  
                        }  
                    </li>
                   <li>  
                      @if (!Request.IsAuthenticated)
                      { 
                          @Html.ActionLink("Register", "Register", "Account")
                      }
                   
                   </li>
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="container body-content">
        @RenderBody()
        <hr />
        <footer>
            <p>&copy; @DateTime.Now.Year - My ASP.NET Application</p>
        </footer>
    </div>

    <script src="~/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/Scripts/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

One last step, change Default Route in your Route.Config to Point Account Controller instead of Home Controller.

public class RouteConfig
    {
        public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
        {
            routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}");

            routes.MapRoute(
                name: "Default",
                url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}",
                defaults: new { controller = "Account", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional }
            );
        }
    }

That's it, we are done, build your Project and run it in browser.

Here is the sample image of output

After entering No details in registration page

asp-net-mvc-registration-example-min.png

After entering no details in Login page

Login-using-MVC-asp-net-example-min.png

After Login

asp-net-mvc-login-logout-example-min.png

Complete example using Gif Image.

ASp-net-mvc-login-logout-registration-example-gifImage-min.gif

You maye also like:

Paging, sorting and filtering in ASP.NET MVC C#

Using Google Charts in ASP.NET MVC (With Example)